Techoarchaeology and Sunspots

Sunspot positions and sizes for 1825-1867 from the observations by Samuel Heinrich Schwabe

Samuel Heinrich Schwabe made 8486 drawings of the solar disk with sunspots in the period from November 5, 1825 to December 29, 1867. We have measured sunspot sizes and heliographic positions on digitized images of these drawings. A total of about 135,000 measurements of individual sunspots are available in a data base. Positions are accurate to about 5% of the solar radius or to about three degrees in heliographic coordinates in the solar disk center. Sizes were given in 12 classes as estimated visually with circular cursor shapes on the screen. Most of the drawings show a coordinate grid aligned with the celestial coordinate system. A subset of 1168 drawings have no indication of their orientation. We have used a Bayesian estimator to infer the orientations of the drawings as well as the average heliographic spot positions from a chain of drawings of several days, using the rotation profile of the present Sun. The data base also includes all information available from Schwabe on spotless days.

Full paper

R. Arlt, R. Leussu, N. Giese, K. Mursula, I.G. Usoskin
(Submitted on 31 May 2013)

Comments: 8 pages, 4 figures, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., accepted
Subjects: Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)
Cite as: arXiv:1305.7400 [astro-ph.SR]
 
(or arXiv:1305.7400v1 [astro-ph.SR] for this version)
Submission history
From: Rainer Arlt [view email]
[v1] Fri, 31 May 2013 13:47:05 GMT (4633kb)


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